Archive for Μαρτίου 2012

Παθοφυσιολογία λιπώδους εξαλλαγής στην ALD   Leave a comment

Fatty change

Fatty change, or steatosis is the accumulation of fatty acids in liver cells. These can be seen as fatty globules under the microscope. Alcoholism causes development of large fatty globules (macro vesicular steatosis) throughout the liver and can begin to occur after a few days of heavy drinking. Alcohol is metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) into acetaldehyde, then further metabolized by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) into acetic acid, which is finally oxidized into carbon dioxide (CO2) and water ( H2O).This process generates NADH, and increases the NADH/NAD+ ratio. A higher NADH concentration induces fatty acid synthesis while a decreased NAD level results in decreased fatty acid oxidation. Subsequently, the higher levels of fatty acids signal the liver cells to compound it to glycerol to form triglycerides. These triglycerides accumulate, resulting in fatty liver.

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Posted Μαρτίου 29, 2012 by msofcrete in Ιατρική

Επισκόπηση ιογενών λοιμώξεων   Leave a comment

Posted Μαρτίου 29, 2012 by msofcrete in Ιατρική

Επισκόπηση βακτηριακών λοιμώξεων   Leave a comment

Posted Μαρτίου 29, 2012 by msofcrete in Ιατρική

Χειρουργικές και Απεικονιστικές τεχνικές πεπτικού σωλήνα   Leave a comment

Ένα μικρό δείγμα της εξαιρετικής δουλειάς που γίνεται στη Wikipedia.

Posted Μαρτίου 29, 2012 by msofcrete in Ιατρική