Medical Mnemonics   Leave a comment

Παραθέτω δέκα για αρχή. Εν καιρώ και τα υπόλοιπα.

1)Streptococcus pneumoniae: diseases caused
COMPS:

Conjunctivitis
Otitis media
Meningitis
Pneumonia
Sinusitis

2)Hepatic encephalopathy: precipitating factors
ABCDEFI:

Alcohol withdrawal
Bleeding (GI)
Constipation
Drugs: withdraw any sedatives/narcotics
Electrolyte imbalances
Fluid depletion: stop diuretics
Infections: treat vigorously

3)Potter syndrome
POTTER

Pulmonary hypoplasia
Oligohydramnios
Twisted skin (wrinkly skin)
Twisted face (potter facies)
Extremities defects
Renal agenesis (b/l)

4)Causes of hyposplenism
ABCDEF

Absence of spleen(congenital)
Back to back splenic infarcts leading to autosplenectomy
Coeliac disease
Dermatitis herpetitiformis with Enteropathy
Fanconi’s anemia

5)Criteria for Rheumatoid Arthritis (presence of 4 or more is needed)
MADRAS

Morning stiffness
Arthritis of 3 or more joints
Duration of 6 wks or more
Rheumatoid nodules, Rheumatoid factor, Radiological changes
Arthritis of small hand joints
Symmetrical arthritis

6)Ranson’s criteria (Acute pancreatitis)
On admission
LEGAL

Leucocytes > 16,000 /cu. mm
Enzyme AST > 250 IU/L
Glucose > 200mg %
Age > 55 yrs
LDH > 350 IU/L

7)Contraindications for Heparin: » HIT LAPS»

H= 6H = HIT(Heparin induced thrombocytopenia), Hypersensitivity(drugs), Hemophilia, Hypertension, Hepatic/renal disease, Hemorrhage(intracranial)

I=2I= Infective endocarditis, Intestinal tract ulcerative lesions
T= 3T=Thrombocytopenia, TB(active), Threatened abortion

L= Lumbar puncture (undergoing)
A= Anesthetic block (regional)
P= Purpura
S= surgery ( Brain, Eye or Spinal cord)

Information source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, 11th Edition(B. Katzung)

8)Delirium: Causes
«DELIRIUM»

Degenerative
Epilepsy (post ictal states)
Liver failure
Intracranial injury
Rheumatic chorea
Infections- Pneumonia, Septicemia
Uremia
Metabolic- Electrolyte imbalance

9)Lithium: Uses
«LIBRA»

Leukopenia
Inappropriate ADH secretion syndrome (SIADH)
Bipolar disorder
Recurrent neuropsychiatric syndrome
Agranulocytosis

10)Cause of vasculitis
«VASCULITIS»

Various drugs
Autoimmune
Serum Sickness
Cryoglobulinemia, cryofibrinogenemia
Urticarial
Low complement
Idiopathic
Toxins
Infection
Smoking (Buerger’s)

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Posted Απρίλιος 5, 2012 by msofcrete in Ιατρική

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